K R U Š E V A C
Kruševac is a town in Rasina County in central Serbia and administrative, economic, cultural, health and educational center of the County. Kruševac is located in the Kruševac valley, which includes composite Western Morava Valley and extends between araes of Levac and Temnic at the north, the Zupa, Kopaonik and Jastrebac mountains at the south and Kraljevo and Ibar valley at the west.
According to the 2002 census, it had a population of more than 65.000.
Charter on twinning between Kruševac and Bijeljina was signed in 2008.
Kruševac was constructed as a capital by Prince Lazar in 1371.
First preserved mentioning is from 1387, when Prince Lazar by his charter, in the established capital of Kruševac, confirming earlier trade privileges to traders from Dubrovnik.
RUINS OF PRINCE LAZAR'S TOWN
According to legend, Kruševac was named by the shore river stone called crushac,by which is a city largely built. After the Kosovo battle 1389, Kruševac became the capital of vassal Serbia run by Prince Layar’s wife, Princess Milica, but later, their son Despot Stefan moved capital to Belgrade. Turks conquered Kruševac in 1427, after the death of Despot Stefan. From 1444, Kruševac had been ruled by Djuradj Brankovic while Turks conquered Kruševac finally in 1454, naming town as Aladja Hisar (Colorful Town).
During 17th and 18th centuries, Kruševac was liberated from the Turkish authorities shortly for several times. During the First Serbian Rebellion (1804-1815), the town had been freed in 1806 and stayed free until 1809. A term “Charapani” (“Socks People”) that makes people from Kruševac very proud dated from that time. They got that name in 1806, after an attack on Turkish forces, when they showed great bravery and cunning by taking off their shoes and silently wearing only socks sneaked up to Turks and killed them.
Kruševac was finally freed in 1833. After liberation, town begun with rapid development and progress and became one of the biggest regional centers of Serbia.
During World War I the city was largely destroyed, and people have survived horrible terror. In World War II German occupiers shot 1642 patriots from Kruševac and the surroundings on the hill Bagdala.
Kruševac is an important economic center, with especially developed metal-processing (“14 Oktobar”) and chemical industry (HI “Zupa”, “Henkel-Merima”, “Trayal”). In Kruševac operates a factory of alcoholic and soft drinks ”Rubin” and factory of lubricants “FAM”.
Near Kruševac is famous health resort Ribarska Spa.
|MONUMENTS TO PRINCE LAZAR AND TO MARTIRS OF KOSOVO BATTLE|
CULTURAL AND HISTORICAL SIGHTS
Kruševac is known by Lazarica church, endowment of Prince Lazar, remnants of the Lazar’s town with the Donjon tower and monuments dedicated to battle of Kosovo heroes and Prince Lazar. In the vicinity of the town are the Monastery of St. Roman (in the Monastery are the relics of Saint Roman; the monastery is famous for being in his yard buried heart of a Russian nobleman Nicholay Nikolayevich Rajevski which destiny was inspirtion for Tolstoy for the character Vronski from the novel “Anna Karenina”), monastery of Virgin's Shroud in village Djunis and monastery Naupare, which is, according to the legend, endowment of despot Stefan Lazarević, son of Prince Lazar.
Besides Kruševac Theater, several choirs and cultural societies, there are number of cultural events in Kruševac.
The most important ones are:
- A week devoted to St. Sava
- International Festival of Humor and Satire “Zlatna kaciga” (31st March-01st April)
- Yugoslav Children’s Art Colony “Biberče” (Middle of June)
- “Vidovdan” (Day's of St. Vid) - celebration of freedom (23rd-28th June)
- Kruševac Literary-Philosophical School
MONUMENT TO EPIC POET
- Cultural Summer (a series of theater and cinema performances, concerts of classical, pop, rock music, jazz and various programs performances from Kruševac and other cities during the summer months, mostly in open spaces and scenes)
- Art Colony “Dvorane”- held in the Jastrebac mountain villages Dvorane, Petina and Lovic, at the locality of Mika’s watermill (July)
- Belovodska (White Water) Rossete (end of June and beginning of July) - brings together writers in Writers school “Slovo Ljubve (Word of Love)”, artist in sculpturing in the colony “Belovodski peschar” and masons in stone-masonry programs that foster the tradition of this region, called “Dani Rada Neimara (Rade the Builder’s Days)”. The event involved actors, recites, musicians, folk artists, within the scope of artistic program “Moravske vedrine (Brightnesses of Morava)”
- Days of the Theatre (October) review of the major achievements of theaters in Serbia.
- October Exhibition - annual traditional exhibition of Kruševac’s artists. Every second year preceding the biennial exhibition of artwork of Kruševac’s citizens - students of the Faculty and the Academy of Fine and Applied Arts.
- New Year Programme (December)- series of cultural events (plays, concerts of classical, pop and rock music, children's music festivals, opera)
Day of the town - 28th of June (St. Vid’s Day – Day of the Kosovo Battle)
The town holiday is Holy Trinity (Descent of the Holy Spirit, Sunday)
Besides Bijeljina, Kruševac is sister city with the towns Corfu (Greece), Szentendre (Hungary), Rimnicu Vilcea (Romania), Pistoia (Italy), Qiryat Gat (Israel), Trogir (Croatia) and Travnik (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Intensive cooperation is achieved with the towns: Ryazan, Volgograd (Russia), Stara Zagora (Bulgaria) and Žalec (Slovenia).