K U M A N O V O
Kumanovo is situated in the northeastern part of the Republic of Macedonia.
With more than 70.000 inhabitants, Kumanovo is the third largest municipality (beside Skopje and Bitola) and is the seat of the Kumanovo municipality which is the largest municipality in Macedonia.
Charter of twinning between Kumanovo and Bijeljina was signed in 2006.
It is presumed that the origin of the name comes from the tribe named Kumani that had conquered this area at the end of 11th century and kept it under their rule for a while.
It is presumed that Kumanovo as a settlement was established in 12th century. The city was first mentioned in 1519 in one Turkish document as a village in “Nagorichane nahia (subdistrict)” with 52 families and at about 300 inhabitants. Kumanovo become an urban settlement and center of the region at the end of 16th century and the beginning of the 17th century. That period was important for the development of the town which becomes an important intersection of trade routes. Famous Turkish traveler Evliya Çelebi mentiones that in Kumanovo in 1660 existed: 600 tile-roofs houses, mosque, madrassa, hammam, a number of shops and water mills. After penetration of the Austrian army in the Balkans during the great Viennese War, the rebellion broke out in Kumanovo region in 1689 in which the rebels with the help of the Austrian army fought against the Turks. Karposh, the rebel leader proclaimed himself as a „King of Kumanovo“, which indicates that the Kumanovo as a settlement was well known at that time.
Turkish-Austrian warfare at the end of 17th and the begining of the 18th century caused stagnation of trade and Kunamovo lost its importance. So in the documents from the 18th century Kumanovo was mentioned only twice. 19th century brings new progress, and Kumanovo becomes important corn market. Railroad built in the seventies of the 19th century gave new impetus to the development of Kumanovo and Kumanovo gets a dominant position in compare to the surrounding cities, including even Skopje. Economic progress caused increasing the influx of population.
RUINS OF MONUMENT TO HEROES
OF KUMANOVO BATTLE 1912
|MONUMENT TO THE REVOLUTION|
In October 1912, during the First Balkan War, Serbian Army under the command of glorius General Radomir Putnik won a decisive victory over the Ottomans north of the town, at the place called „Zebrnjak“. This victory was the beginning of the defeat of Turkey in the war and announced the final liberation of the Balkans from the Turkish slavery. A great monument devoted to fallen Serbian soldier, built at the battle scene, was hardly damaged by Bulgarian occupiers in the 2nd Worl War II.
In the World War II in Kumanovo along with Prilep started antifashist struggle in Macedonia.
After 1945 Kumanovo experienced fast economic and cultural development.
|CENTER OF KUMANOVO|
The most developed industries in Kumanovo belong to the secondary and tertiary sectors. The town’s metal processing, textile industry, footwear, food and tobacco industries as well as agriculture and trade are of the biggest importance for Kumanovo.
Kumanovo is important roads intersection to Skopje, Serbia and Bulgaria.
The most important culture events in Kumanovo are international jazz festival, “Days of comedy”, several children festivals and art colonies.
The most important cultural institutions are national theatre, cultural centre “Trajko Prokopiev” and national museum.
Kumanovo has several significant monuments in its neighborhood and the most important ones are: Gradishte - an archelogical place from the Bronze age, neolith place - near the village of Mlado Nagorichane, Saint George church from 1071 in Staro Nagorichane and Holy mother of God Church from 1350 in the village Matejche.
Protector of the city is St. George.
Besides Bijeljina, Kumanovo is twinned with following towns and municipalities: Vranje, Gornji Milanovac, Leskovac, Pancevo, Cukarica, Kosovska Mitrovica (Serbia), Niksic (Montenegro), Nicosia (Cyprus), Plovdiv (Bulgaria), Varazdin (Croatia), Korlu (Turkey) and Prozor (Bosnia and Herzegovina).