Bijeljina Phase 2 - Construction of Plant for Purifyaing Waste Water, Expansion of Sewerage And Water Supply's System
SUMMARY ANALYSIS OF THE ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIAL ISSUES
1. INTRODUCTION: PROJECT HISTORY
In 2005, the Municipal authorities have decided to launch the construction of separate sewerage systems. So far, the investments in the project are around EUR 13.0 million, of which EUR 7.0 million was provided through a loan from the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) signed in 2007. The remaining funds were provided from the budget of the
So far, a part of the main faecal collector was built in the length of 2004 meters and the main sewerage pumping station PS1 (PS "Dašnica") that currently pumps waste water into the channel Dašnica. It is also built the secondary faecal collector No. 4 (GSFK 4) which is located in the streets of St. Sava and Filip Visnjic, together with an appropriate secondary and tertiary collectors and connectors. The total length of the built faecal collectors is 5828 m. The construction of GSFK 1 and 10 with an appropriate secondary and tertiary collectors and total length of 5360 m is in progress. Along with the constructing of the sewerage system, works on the rain sewage and water supply network reconstruction have been conducting. Completion of this phase of the project is planned for June 2010.
Public company A.D. Vodovod i Kanalizacija (Water Supply and Sewerage Company Bijeljina), with the support of the Municipality of Bijeljina and the Government of Republic of Srpska, requested an additional credit from the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) in the amount of EUR 5 million to assist in the preparation and financing of the second phase development of the system for collecting and purifying of waste water in the municipality of Bijeljina as well as for expanding of existing networks supply drinking water.
Involvement of all levels of government and with the support of the EBRD project has managed to mobilize considerable donor funding. The European Union has approved funds in the amount of EUR 5.5 million: of which EUR 2.0 million from the Municipal Program Window and EUR 3.5 million from the national program IPA 2009th Also Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) has approved a donation in the amount equivalent to EUR 4.0 million.
2. PROJECT DESCRIPTION- PHASE 2
Bijeljina Project - Phase 2 includes the following components:
1. Construction of facilities for purifying wastewater treatment (WWTP) initial capacity of 40.000 equivalent inhabitants with the possibility of later expansion. The plant will have to comply with all aspects of domestic legislation and relevant European Union directives relating to the treatment of urban wastewater and sludge management. For the purposes of construction of this plant,
2. Construction of the main primary faecal collector from the main pump station PS1 Dašnica located by the canal to the future WWTP in Velika Obarska. Collector will be 6.4 kilometers long and 1,100 mm in diameter.
3. Construction of the main secondary faecal collector number 8 (GSFK8) in Žrtava fašističkog terora
4. Construction of water distribution network in the northern parts of the municipality (the so-called northern ring), in settlements in which was recorded phenomenon endemic nephropathy.
5. Any remaining funds, will be used to start construction of GSFK3 in Majevička street and as well as all related secondary and tertiary collectors, the total length of 7,43 kilometers, for the purpose of connecting as many consumers in the sewerage network.
(Satellite map with indicative locations are attached)
3. ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES AND SOCIAL ISSUES
The current situation
The quality of drinking water supplied by the Water Company Bijeljina fully meets the standards of a particular directive of the European Union for drinking water (98/83/EC) and Regulation on hygienic quality of drinking water (Official Gazette of the Republic of Srpska 40/03). Domestic regulations are largely in line with EURO directives, although there are fewer differences in some parameters. Regular water quality analysis performed by independent licensed laboratory as well as laboratory companies. The results of analysis are published on the company website.
Current system is neither in accordance with the directive of the European Union for the urban wastewater (91/271/EEC) nor the directive for the sludge (86/278/EEC and subsequent amendments). It is also not in accordance with relevant local regulations because a system for collection of wastewater is in the early stage of development and there is no facility for purification of wastewater. Currently, the collected wastewater discharged into the canal Dašnica. The consequence is that the quality of water in the canal downstream from the discharge position is deteriorated significantly but is still in accordance with the requirements for this category of surface water.
The project will enable a significant reduction in pollution of groundwater and reduce water pollution in the canal. Since the groundwater is used for water supply is crucial to continue with the development of sewerage system as soon as possible.
Besides above mentioned, the project Bijeljina Phase 2 will enable the Vodovod i Kanalizacija bijeljina reach the standards for wastewater and biological sludge required by directives of the European Union and to maintain certain standards determined by the directive and regulations for drinking water.
It is expected that the implementation of this project have significant positive social impact and positive impact on the environment. Identified positive impacts include:
- Reduction of pollution of soil waste water from septic tanks of consumers that will be connected to the sewerage system
- A significant reduction of the amount of discharged waste water into underground water sources, including the zone of the water source Grmić;
- Significant improvement of the quality of surface water especially in the canal Dašnica which is currently discharged all the collected waste water at the main pump station PS1;
- Reducing the number of patients with endemic nephritis through abandonment of individual wells and connection to the drinking water supply system;
- Improving living standards in the City of
- Achieving and maintaining the standards defined in the directives of the European Union for the city wastewater, sludge and drinking water.
Potential negative environmental impacts and negative social impacts are expected only in the construction phase of the project. These impacts include:
- Pollution and degradation of soil from spills of hazardous substances (fuel, oil, etc...) and the removal of humus layer in the agricultural areas and parks;
- Air pollution from dust from the works themselves, the dust caused by using of unasphalt streets, breath in places spills from septic tanks, exhaust gas from machines and vehicles to be used;
- Noise pollution and vibrations from construction machines during construction and the WWTP during operation;
- Solid waste removed asphalt and concrete areas, excavated earthen material and old plumbing pipes;
- Disturbances in traffic due to temporary partial or complete closure of parts of the street to vehicles and pedestrians
- Pollution of groundwater due to spills and strain of fuel, oil and other polluting materials.
- The danger for the health and safety of open canals and pits, deposited and temporary storage materials, construction machines maneuver.
The project overlooks in one part, a temporary expropriation of land during construction of the main primary collector of PS1 Dašnica to WWTP United Obarska, while the second part will be permanently expropriated. The project does not envisage the physical and economic relocation and relocation of place of residence or place of business. During construction activities, access to a number of residential and office buildings will be temporarily hampered in several sections in the urban are, along the pipeline under construction. In addition, since it will be a significant part of the work carried out in urban area there is a possibility that some buildings might be damaged.
Overall, the expected positive socio-economic benefits from the project are much greater than the potential negative impacts during construction phase.
4. SUMMARY OF MITIGATION MEASURES
For the entire project of building a system of collection and waste water treatment, municipalitiy of Bijeljina was done detailed assessments of environmental impact for the construction and the use phase and included detailed measures for mitigation of impacts. Besides that, water and sewerage company Bijeljina (AD Vodovod i Kanalizacija Bijeljina) obliged to prepare a special action plan for environmental and social protection (ESAP) in order to meet the requirements of the EBRD's policies for environmental and social issues (2008), which includes the following:
- Definition of requirements to contractors relating to the protection of the environment, health and safety which will be part of the contract, the definition of measures for better monitoring of contractors.
- Contractors will prepare a feasibility study and implement the management system of environmental issues, health and safety (EHS-MS ") in accordance with international good practice;
- All staff will attend introductory training on environmental, health and safety before they begin work on site;
- Contractors will prepare a plan for noise and vibration;
- Will be made a special plan that will address ways to reduce dust;
- Contractors will prepare a special plan for hazardous materials and waste management plan;
- The preparedness plan and emergency response will be prepared in collaboration with the local community and local people / institutions who are obliged to act in emergency situations;
5. INFORMATION PUBLICHING
Information on environmental and social issues for the project were published in accordance with the laws of the RS. The assessment of environmental impact can be found at the following web site:
This summary of environmental and social issues as wll as a plan involving stakeholders (SEP) including procedures for filing complaints will be available at the following web sites:
www.sobijeljina.org, as well as in the municipal hall.
Mladen Mirkovic, member of PIU team,
phone: +387 55 226 470
Stakeholder involvement plan (SEP) includes detailed information on previous and upcoming consultation with stakeholders, including consultation should be taken by contractor.
6. MONITORING AND REPORTING
Water Supply and Sewerage Bijeljina (AD Vodovod i Kanalizacija Bijeljina) will hire independent engineer to monitor achievements of contractors regarding protection of the environment, safety and social issues.
Water Supply and Sewerage Bijeljina (AD Vodovod i Kanalizacija Bijeljina) will monitor and report to the Bank annually on environmental protection, safety and social issues and on implementation of the Action Plan for Environmental Protection and Social issues (ESAP).
Water Supply and Sewerage Bijeljina will report to the bank on all major accidents or incidents and conduct their business with strict respect for national and EU regulations and standards for environmental protection.