About the City
|BIJELJINA CITY HALL|
Bijeljina is an urban settlement and is the center of local government unit with city status in North-Eastern part of Republic of Srpska and B&H. Аrea of the city is 734 square kilometers and includes Semberian plain which tourns to light hills of Majevica mountain. Teritory of the City is located at the confluence of the Drina and Sava and these rivers are boundaries of the teritory of the City to regions of Mačva and Srem.
Drina and Sava are also the state border with Serbia and Croatia. The center of the City is located cca six kilometers from the border with Serbia and cca 40 kilometers from the border with Croatia. Neighboring municipalities of the City of Bijeljina are Lopare, Ugljevik and Zvornik (in Republic of Srpska) and Brčko District.
Due to its geo-political position, the City of Bijeljina is the crossroad of roads from the western part of the Republic of Srpska to Serbia, as well as from the Eastern part of the Republic of Srpska and Southern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the Northern Serbia, Eastern part of Croatia and, further, to the Pannonian Plain and Central Europe. Due to the fertile soil of Semberija, Bijeljina is a center of production and sale of food for whole Republic of Srpska and B&H. The most common agriculture crops are cereals and vegetables. Under Semberija is huge underground lake of thermal water, which is, for now, used in Dvorovi Spa, but there is a lot of potential to use thermal water for heating of greenhouses and producing of vegetables and flowers.
The City of Bijeljina has cca 115,000 inhabitants and, after Banja Luka, it is the second most populated city in the Republic of Srspka.
Archeological evidence proved that there were settlements in the region of Semberija in the period of Neolithic Vinca culture, as well as Copper and Iron Age. In the first century of the New Era, Semberija became a part of the Roman
The medieval Semberija was located on the crossroads between powerful states of the time:
The Turks conquered Semberija in 1529. At the beginning of the conquest, the local Christian population moved to
Along with the Austrian administration in Semberija came European cultural influences. This was also a period of a strong economic development.
After the World War I, Bijeljina and Semberija became part of the
Composition of population in Semberija was determined by location between major states, catholic and orthodox Christianity and the fact that for a long time it was occupied by the
Lately, Bijeljina became center of the Orthodox Diocese of Zvornik –
There are very few buildings in Bijeljina that could prove its long and rich history, for the reason of frequent wars and devastation they brought so often. Except for just a few buildings dating back to Turkish period (Orthodox St. George Church, finished in 1872, Atik mosque and building of Konak, built in 1876 - today's Museum of Semberija) most of the buildings that are considered old have been built during the Austro-Hungarian governance and